In 1918, the Mexican section of the anarcho-syndicalist trade union Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) was also established; members of the IWW were known as "Wobblies". “Readers who ignore the genius of B. Traven do so at their peril.” - The New York TimesB Traven’s Jungle Novels comprises six books written during the 1930s that observe the poor conditions of the Mexican Indians living in the southern state of Chiapas, whose forced work under exploitative conditions and labor camps foment rebellion and start the beginnings of the Mexican Revolution.This last installment of Traven’s legendary Jungle novels sees the completion of Ivan R Dee’s fictional multi-volume retelling of the Mexican Revolution. Evidence suggests that he was born Otto Feige in Schlewsig-Holstein and that he escaped a death sentence for his involvement with the anarchist underground in Bavaria. The writer’s real name, nationality, date and place of birth, as well as many other biographical details, remain disputed. The hero's rejection of his degrading living conditions frequently serves as motive and broad emphasis is placed upon the efforts of the oppressed to liberate themselves. Son cuentos sobre la vida de algunos indígenas mexicanos en la época de Traven, quien aprovecha su conocimiento de la cultura mexicana, para dejar en el lector una enseñanza practica de contenido moral, o en otros casos, son relatos de experiencias de extranjeros que vinieron a residir en México durante la misma época de Traven. The marriage of Emil Rathenaus was not very happy; he loved both the theater and women. 24 The film, starring Humphrey Bogart and Walter Huston, was a great commercial success, and in 1949 it won three Academy Awards. (1997) the most plausible theory of the writer behind Traven's books. He showed a lively interest in Mexican culture and history, following summer courses on the Spanish, Nahuatl and Mayan languages, the history of Latin American literature and the history of Mexico at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in the years 1927 and 1928. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. The Traven expert Karl S. Guthke analyzed the theory in the Schweizer Monat in 1991. “The biography of a creative man is completely unimportant. Macario book. Something went wrong. [2][3] Marut is thought to have operated under the "B. Traven" pseudonym, although no details are known about Marut's life before 1912, and many hold that "Ret Marut" was in fact also a pseudonym.[4][5]. [39] Traven is therefore not, as other theories suggest, son of a fisherman, a farmer or a theater impresario. Robinson showed photographs of Marut and Traven to a brother and a sister of Feige, and they appeared to recognise the person in the photos as their brother. Neither the European nor the American publishers of the writer ever met him personally or, at least, the people with whom they negotiated the publication and later also the filming of his books always maintained they were only Traven's literary agents; the identity of the writer himself was to be kept secret. He was married to Rosa Elena Lujan. Macario is the story of a poor man who has been hungry all his life. Most leftist intellectuals, despite their negative attitude to European and American imperialism, did not know about or were not interested in persecution of natives in Africa, Asia or South America. A very interesting document is a small notebook with entries in the English language. [1], Virtually every detail of Traven's life has been disputed and hotly debated. 7 The English texts are usually longer; in both versions there are also fragments which are missing in the other language. In the book, two destitute American men in Mexico of the 1920s join an older American prospector in a search for gold. The impassionate but illiterate Indians and the corrupt political officials collide in a riveting conclusion in this first volume of the critically acclaimed but overlooked work from the late pseudonymous writer who has come "... to be recognized as one of the narrative masters of the twentieth century." The rumour was not true. Birth records in San Francisco were destroyed in the 1906 earthquake and fire, and for several decades afterwards false claims of birth there were common. He was sentenced to death, but managed to escape and went to Mexico again. The dominant barebones theory of B. Traven’s identity goes something like this: A German-speaking native of a Germanic region, the man later known as B. Traven fled Europe between the wars, taking various transient professions (ones that conveniently required little documentation) as he crossed the Atlantic and resettled in the New World. Torsvan rented a wooden house north of Tampico in 1924 where he often stayed and worked until 1931. In 1939, the author decided to end his cooperation with Büchergilde Gutenberg; after this break, his representative became Josef Wieder, a former employee of the book club who had never met the writer personally. In 2008 Jan-Christoph Hauschild did research in German archives and confirmed the authenticity of the family memories. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (originally titled Der Schatz der Sierra Madre) is a 1927 adventure novel by German author B. Traven, whose identity remains unknown. However, instead of the writer, an unknown man turned up at the hotel and introduced himself as Hal Croves,[28] a translator from Acapulco and San Antonio. Furthermore, Guthke goes on to suggest that "Ret Marut" may be a partial anagram of "Moritz Rathenau". The action of the book is again set in Mexico, and its main characters are a group of American adventurers and gold seekers. The expanded book edition was published in 1926 by the Berlin-based Buchmeister publishing house, which was owned by the left-leaning trade-unions-affiliated book sales club Büchergilde Gutenberg. [7][8], Traven's best known novel, apart from The Death Ship, was The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, published first in German in 1927 as Der Schatz der Sierra Madre. Records of the U.S. Customs Service, Record Group 36. After the Jungle Novels, B. Traven practically stopped writing longer literary forms, publishing only short stories, including the novella or Mexican fairy tale Macario, which was originally published in German in 1950. Professional politicians, including ones who sympathize with the left, are usually shown in a negative light, if shown at all. Is B. Traven actually Moritz Rathenau, half-brother of Walther Rathenau? On 27 July 1923, a 41-year-old US citizen named Ret Marut left Liverpool aboard the SS Magnetic bound for Quebec and Montreal, Canada. [13], B. Traven's works also enjoyed a soaring popularity in Mexico itself. [27] As early as 1926, Torsvan took part as a photographer in an archeological expedition to the state of Chiapas led by Enrique Juan Palacios; one of the few photographs which may depict B. Traven, wearing a pith helmet, was taken during that expedition. For example, in 1947, she went to Europe to represent him in contacts with his publishers; finally, in 1948, her name (along with Josef Wieder from Zurich) appeared as the copyright holder of his books. Traven spent most of his adult life in Mexico, where, under various names, he wrote several bestsellers and was an outspoken defender of the rights of Mexico's indigenous people. ), novelist noted as a writer of adventure stories and as … After the wedding, they moved to Mexico City, where they ran the Literary Agency R.E. He then gave the name in an article in the French newspaper "Libération". Government is the first installment of B. Traven's legendary Jungle Novels, a series of six books detailing the oppression and subsequent uprising of the Mexican Revolution.The story follows Don Gabriel, a bureaucratic official in an isolated government outpost in a remote village. Rafael Arles Ramirez, who was responsible for the promotion of B. Traven's books in Mexico, admitted in 1956 that he had invented and circulated the story to boost interest in the writer's novels. It seems indisputable that Traven's hide-and-seek manners became progressively obsessive; although we have to consider that self-presentation is irrevocable. The book, published by Büchergilde Gutenberg like his other works, contained 64 pages of photographs taken by B. Traven himself. Considerable mystery surrounds Traven, some of it sustained by the writer … [6], The writer with the pen name B. Traven appeared on the German literary scene in 1925, when the Berlin daily Vorwärts, the organ of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, published the first short story signed with this pseudonym on 28 February. Traven's characters are drawn commonly from the lower classes of society, from the proletariat or lumpenproletariat strata; they are more antiheroes than heroes, and despite that they have this primal vital force which compels them to fight. (The New York Times)", The Rebellion of the Hanged is the fifth book in legendary author B. Traven’s multi-volume retelling of the Mexican Revolution.Originally published in 1936, Traven captures the struggle for freedom of the enslaved Indians against labor agents in this thrilling, action-packed account. According to official records, Torsvan arrived in Mexico from the United States, crossing the border in Ciudad Juárez in 1914. In the book, Traven introduced for the first time the figure of Gerald Gales (in Traven's other works his name is Gale, or Gerard Gales), an American sailor who looks for a job in different occupations in Mexico, often consorting with suspicious characters and witnessing capitalistic exploitation, nevertheless not losing his will to fight and striving to draw joy from life. Traven is a pseudonym. His other aliases include Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan and Ret Marut. Some of them are relatively well-founded; others are quite fantastic and incredible. Department of Employment and Immigration Fonts. [20] The passenger list from Liverpool states that Marut's original point of departure was Copenhagen, Denmark, and lists question marks under his country of residence and country of citizenship. One person who contributed to this was Esperanza López Mateos, the sister of Adolfo López Mateos, later the President of Mexico, who translated eight books by Traven into Spanish from 1941. [13], On the other hand, the hypothesis of B. Traven's Germanness seems to be confirmed by Hal Croves' extensive archive, to which his widow granted access to researchers sporadically until her death in 2009. Some of the most common hypotheses, apart from those already mentioned, are presented below: Ret Marut mug shot taken in London (1923); Marut is the most popular candidate for Traven's true identity. Anyway, B. Traven's (Ret Marut's) life in Mexico was as mysterious as his fate in Europe. 9 [9] The consulate officials did not take this story seriously, especially as they also received the other version of Marut's biography from the London police, about his birth in Schwiebus, which he had presented during the interrogation. This was certainly a favourable environment for an anarchist and fugitive from Europe. He claimed that he had been born in San Francisco in 1882, signed on a ship when he was ten and had been travelling around the world since then, but now wanted to settle down and get his life in order. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (English and German Edition) by B. Traven | Jan 1, 1980. Select the department you want to search in. Adapted by Huston from an obscure novel by the mysterious, reclusive writer B. Traven and shot on location in Mexico, it starred Bogart in the decidedly unheroic role of a paranoid prospector, Fred C. Dobbs. 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