Chapter 8 discusses the implications for politics and development. This same transformative potential however, is also what attracts backlash against NREGA, the issue being whether the politics of governance is sufficient to ensure that it also leads to politics of contestation generating broader mobilization against the deep rooted structures of inequality. That is, unlike in previous such schemes, there are no exclusion criteria and every rural adult is entitled to participation in NREGA. level authorities determine the difference in supply of work. that children living in South Africa face a risk of being poor comparable to that of the average world inhabitant. Use of P ropofol and emergence agitation in children: A literature review . The present paper backed with empirical evidences from a rural and tribal setup of Jharkhand, attempts to assess the institutional and non-institutional impediments which are encumbering the desired accomplishment of the scheme at the grass-root level. Authors Rob Jenkins and James Manor are well known and respected academics and they have successfully utilized their expertise and depth of knowledge in analyzing various aspects of NREGA. The study was carried out during 2012-13. An important indication of the finding is that the birth and growth of SSIs, at least in these villages, is not "pulled' by "local comparative advantages', but merely "pushed' by local unemployment and poverty problem. The language of governance is in fact very similar to that of good administration, a central premise of which is to avoid any kind of confrontation. Child poverty in South Africa is an issue with strong racial connotations. You can follow this outline when writing your own literature review. In South Africa, people living under such income conditions must be considered extremely poor. 2009. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is the largest social protection programme in the world that provides 100 days of unskilled wage employment to any household residing in rural areas whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. It was implemented by the National Democratic Alliance government of 1999-2004 and played an important role in providing an example of the scale and nature of such interventions. 2017. NREGA is now more than a decade old. Several economic crises of the transformation period and their resulting rising unemployment and poverty rates, together with a lack of socio-economic securities, cause difficulties in maintaining sustainable livelihoods for many households, especially in rural areas. MMS user may kindly download and install new APK after uninstalling the old APK. A qualitative study consisting of Focused group discussions and key informant interviews were conducted on women belonging to the fishing community who were active members of both the Kudumbashree and MGNREGA program. Compose the literature review. HOW TO CITE LITERATURE. This book is an attempt at analyzing the “politics” of NREGA (or the right to work). The Hindutva Turn: Authoritarianism and Resistance in India, Unique Identification in India: Aadhaar, Biometrics and Technology-Mediated Identities, Representations of the “Rural” in India from the Colonial to the Post-Colonial, Sedition, Sexuality, Gender, and Gender Identity in South Asia, Caste-Gender Intersections in Contemporary India, Wayside Shrines: Everyday Religion in Urban India, Through the Lens of the Law: Court Cases and Social Issues in India, Environment Politics in Urban India: Citizenship, Knowledges and Urban Political Ecologies, Land, Development and Security in South Asia, On Names in South Asia: Iteration, (Im)propriety and Dissimulation, Contemporary Lucknow: Life with ‘Too Much History’, Imagining Bangladesh: Contested Narratives, The Ethics of Self-Making in Postcolonial India, Revisiting Space and Place: South Asian Migrations in Perspective, Modern Achievers: Role Models in South Asia, Contests in Context: Indian Elections 2009, Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement, A digital resources portal for the humanities and social sciences, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, Call for papers: South Asia and the Coronavirus Outbreak, Catalogue of 552 journals. A major question then is why there were no counter mobilizations to prevent these changes if the program was successful in effecting a fundamental transformation in how social protection initiatives are implemented. According to the National Report 2010-2011 by the Ministry of Rural Development that oversees the imp… EXAMPLES: Johnson, Lee, and Martin (2010) attempted this experiment. The ideas discussed in this book are keys. To this end, the Act guarantees 100 days of annual It is also noted that there is considerable shift in education level from illiterates to functional literates (45.80% to 54.20%) and improvement in health status (89.20% to 97.50%). Not only did the mobilization gain political visibility of declining farmer incomes, it also succeeded in getting Rs. The literature on NREGA is too vast for us to be able to do justice to it in this short paper. -Author. What are the subheadings you need to cover? The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) has been a subject of lively debate today. Results show that agricultural, migration and human capital assets have a dif- ferential impact across livelihood choices, and that this impact varies by gender and age. To study whether the women are empowered with the help of this plan. notified under the NREGA with effect from April 1, 2008. However, any attempt to understand the passage and implementation of NREGA solely as a social security scheme to help the poor is overlooking its political significance in altering and redefining the political economy of growth and redistribution in India. The authors’ argument that the Indian state “offers openings for voices seeking to effect progressive social change in the interest of non-elite groups” (p.239) has never been in question. The details on local politics and its interaction with NREGA are not only interesting insights into the functioning of panchayats but also bring out the fissure points inherent in local political structures. In fact, the largest opposition to NREGA did not come from the neoliberal economists or the corporate sector but from farmers and landowners. A simple comparison with another landmark act, The National Food Security Act (NFSA), which had the same set of actors (except the Left), is an effective illustration of the Left’s role in NREGA. However, the government refuses to strengthen NREGA even though it is willing to offer billions of rupees to corporates as tax cuts. Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this WorldCat.org search. The details on local politics and its interaction with NREGA are not only interesting insights into the functioning of panchayats but also bring out the fissure points inherent in local political structures. While the NAC in UPA-2 had the same set of key players, it failed to persuade the government to tak. According to the authors, “governance rights” are characterized by the hybridity of what is guarant, Chapter 1 lays down the conceptual framework used by the authors, followed by a brief summary of the major arguments. There are many reasons for writing one and these will influence the length and style of your review, but in essence a literature review is a critical appraisal of the current collective knowledge on a subject. A literature review is an essential part of a Ph.D. dissertation. Therefore, the study revealed that there is positive impact of MGNREGA programme on women beneficiaries in Bangalore rural district. Every resident in the country is provided a unique number based on fingerprints and iris scans. However, even this provision has been adulterated over time, the central government refusing to pay state mandated minimum wages. 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