Three scientists have been awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics for work to understand black holes. Click on the links to get more information. “I want to take this space to tell any budding scientist that, however bleak the future may seem due to illness or other problems, one cannot say you will not be successful.” Kosterlitz was diagnosed with MS in 1978. At the end of the nineteenth century, many people considered physics as the foremost of the sciences, and perhaps Nobel saw it this way as well. For years not listed, no award was made. Each prize can be shared by three laureates at the most. 1901 Wilhelm K. Roentgen (Germany), for discovery of Roentgen rays 1902 Hendrik A. Lorentz and Pieter Zeeman (Netherlands), for work on … No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian-born physicist and recipient of the 1945 Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery in 1925 of the Pauli exclusion principle, which states that … The winners of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics are announced during a news conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Oct. 6, 2020. Physics was the prize area which Alfred Nobel mentioned first in his will from 1895. Black holes and the Milky Way’s darkest secret, Read about Michael Kosterlitz' battle with MS, The much-anticipated arrival of the Higgs boson. Read the press release The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three astrophysicists Tuesday for work that was literally out of the world, and indeed the universe. Some famous … Week of Nobel Prize announcement begins with medicine award. Lee “for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles”, William Bradford Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain “for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect”, Willis Eugene Lamb “for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum”, Polykarp Kusch “for his precision determination of the magnetic moment of the electron”, Max Born “for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction”, Walther Bothe “for the coincidence method and his discoveries made therewith”, Frits Zernike“for his demonstration of the phase contrast method, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope”, Felix Bloch and Edward Mills Purcell “for their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith”, Sir John Douglas Cockcroft and Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton “for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles”, Cecil Frank Powell “for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method”, Hideki Yukawa “for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces”, Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett “for his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation”, Sir Edward Victor Appleton “for his investigations of the physics of the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so-called Appleton layer”, Percy Williams Bridgman “for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in the field of high pressure physics”, Wolfgang Pauli “for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle”, Isidor Isaac Rabi “for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei”, Otto Stern “for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton”. His own research was also closely tied to physics. Tasked with a mission to manage Alfred Nobel's fortune and has ultimate responsibility for fulfilling the intentions of Nobel's will.