Gender equality implies not only equal distribution between men and women in all domains of society. The importance of reducing the gender gap in who takes responsibility for caregiving cannot be overstated, and governments can play an important role here. The Facts about Gender-Based Violence : Canadian women and girls live with a heightened risk of violence – often at the hands of someone they know. These trends are similar across regions. But it’s also worth reflecting on the limitations of legislation. In this period, female part-time employment increased by 2.3 percentage points, versus a 0.7-percentage-point increase in full-time employment for women. Individuals need to make a contribution, too, from advocating for themselves in their own careers to helping others advance through sponsorship and mentorship. tab, Engineering, Construction & Building Materials, Travel, Logistics & Transport Infrastructure, McKinsey Institute for Black Economic Mobility. Gender equality, also known as sexual equality or equality of the sexes, is the state of equal ease of access to resources and opportunities regardless of gender, including economic participation and decision-making; and the state of valuing different behaviors, aspirations and needs equally, regardless of gender. Moreover, in rural areas, women are more likely than men to have seasonal, part-time, and low-wage jobs. And, if a woman does have the same job as a man, she is paid less. This phenomenon is by no means confined to developing economies; it is a consistent fact that women work a double shift in advanced economies, too. Women and men alike need to develop (1) the skills that will be in demand; (2) the flexibility and mobility needed to negotiate labor-market transitions successfully; and (3) the access to and knowledge of technology necessary to work with automated systems, including participating in its creation. Companies can use this moment to design and put in place policies and practices that can support women in the long term. We aggregated the 15 indicators into a Gender Parity Score, or GPS, ranging from zero (no gender equality) to one (full gender equality). What do the statistics prove? Killer facts on gender equality. Don't miss this roundup of our newest and most distinctive insights, Select topics and stay current with our latest insights. In 2015, the 193 member countries of the United Nations came together to commit to 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Moreover, women tend to have less access to digital technology and lower participation in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields than men. A 2015 report from the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI), The Power of Parity: How advancing women’s equality can add $12 trillion to global growth, explored the economic potential available if the global gender gap was narrowed. These outcomes are mirrored in the day-to-day experiences of women of color in the workforce—56 percent of black women say they and their peers have equal opportunity for growth, compared with 69 percent of white women. Five years after the introduction of the Sustainable Development Goals, progress on gender equality has been modest at best, and now the effort to narrow gender gaps faces new challenges in the form of automation trends and the regressive impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Labor force participation is an important marker of women's participation in economic life. cookies, 25th anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women and the Beijing declaration, The Power of Parity: How advancing women’s equality can add $12 trillion to global growth, McKinsey_Website_Accessibility@mckinsey.com, 87 percent of North American companies today report gender diversity is a top priority, far-reaching gains as workers, consumers, and savers, “double shift” is a fact of life for millions of women in China, increased by 1.5 to two hours, according to one study, prevalence of violence against women from an intimate partner may have increased during lockdowns. Practical resources to help leaders navigate to the next normal: guides, tools, checklists, interviews and more. Digital upends old models. That would be roughly equivalent to the GDP of the United States and China. Some key facts about gender equality. Please try again later. In many ways, women are actually superior to men when it comes to business. This suggests that solutions need to tackle both. A middle path—taking action only after the crisis has subsided rather than now—would reduce the potential opportunity by more than $5 trillion. For many years, it has been clear that economic growth (rising per capita GDP) does not lift all segments of the population—we cannot grow our way out of some aspects of gender equality. In five global impact zones, gender inequality is high whether women live in an advanced or emerging economy: blocked economic potential (including women’s participation in leadership positions and formal work), time spent in unpaid care work, fewer legal rights, political underrepresentation, and violence against women. Gender equality in society and gender equality in work are correlated based on MGI’s analysis of 125 countries. People create and sustain change. Gender equality data. On average, they work nearly nine hours a day, and only about half of that is paid. It is one of the basic pillars of the Nordic welfare model, and our experiences in this area have … And they may not have the professional networks and sponsors that could make it easier for them to navigate job transitions, among other factors. Women may have less time to refresh or learn new skills or to search for employment because they spend much more time than men on unpaid care work. The US is one of only eight countries in the world that does not provide any form of paid maternity leave. In a full-potential scenario in which women match men’s participation in the workforce, their sector mix, and their full-time mix of jobs, the additional GDP opportunity could be $28 trillion, or an additional 26 percent of annual global GDP in 2025. The laws and policies of a government have also played a key role in shaping relations of gender equality over time. Facts and figures Young women’s leadership. Today, for every 100 men in leadership positions globally, there are just 37 women. Another factor is that during the pandemic, even more unpaid care work such as childcare and home schooling fell to women as nurseries and schools closed; in the United States, for example, the amount of time women spend on household responsibilities has increased by 1.5 to two hours, according to one study. Gender equality in society and gender equality in work are correlated based on MGI’s analysis of 125 countries. However, some regions have experienced declines in either gender equality in work or gender equality in society since 2015. It is a goal we need to meet collectively. We explore gender equality in the public sector by looking at 5 key facts from the WWBI data. Gender Inequality Statistics 1. Starting in the late 1970s, there was a substantial increase in women’s relative earnings, with women coming to earn about 80% of what men earned. They are low labor-force participation in quality jobs (in South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa), low maternal and reproductive health (in sub-Saharan Africa), unequal education levels (in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa), financial and digital exclusion (in South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa), and girl-child vulnerability (in China and South Asia). Putting the two together, on average women in China work almost one entire day a week more than men. About gender equality in Australia Women and girls make up just over half (50.7 per cent) of the Australian population. McKinsey has conducted research on gender diversity in North American companies in partnership with LeanIn.Org on since 2015. We use cookies essential for this site to function well. So, rather than reflect greater equality, the lower wage gaps observed in some countries could indicate that only women with certain characteristics – for instance, with no husband or children – are entering the workforce. Thus, it concerns matters that can be counted and measured using gendered statistics. As one of many examples around the world, the “double shift” is a fact of life for millions of women in China, who go out to work but then do the lion’s share of work in the home as well. Our flagship business publication has been defining and informing the senior-management agenda since 1964. If no action is taken to counter the gender-regressive impacts of COVID-19, we calculate that global GDP growth could be $1 trillion lower in 2030 than it would be if women’s unemployment simply tracked that of men in each sector. In the past five years, progress has been marginal. In Africa, for instance, rising per capita GDP should enable more healthcare provision, reducing maternal mortality. Gender equality, also called gender egalitarianism, sex equality, or sexual equality, condition of parity regardless of an individual’s gender.Gender equality addresses the tendency to ascribe, in various settings across societies, different roles and status to individuals on the basis of gender. In contrast, in some geographies, economic growth could help advance gender inequality in five regional impact zones where certain aspects of gender inequality are most prominent. We find similar trends across the world. Women have made significant progress, but we’re #NotThere yet. Harnessing the power of data for girls: Taking stock and looking ahead to 2030. Two-thirds of all children denied school are girls, and 75 per cent of the world’s 876 million illiterate adults are women; Women hold only 21 per cent of the world’s parliamentary seats, and only 8 percent of the world’s cabinet ministers are women. How can we ensure that the role of women in the workplace and in society is central to efforts to rebuild economies in the COVID-19 era, and that women do not fall further behind? Gender … In MGI’s 2015 power of parity report, we identified ten “impact zones.” These are the largest concentrations of gender inequality, where action to tackle gender gaps would have the most impact. In their personal lives, they can explore their own biases, both conscious and unconscious. No Ceilings: The Full Participation Report, 35 unforgettable images that capture Trump’s wild and bitter presidency, Donald Trump Revealed the Truth About White America, Newlywed Bride Pushes Husband Off Cliff 8 Days After Their Wedding, 8 Things I Wish More People Knew in Their 20s, 2021 Really Starts Now: Six Big Predictions for the Post-Trump Era. Source: Jakiela and Ozier, 2019. We strive to provide individuals with disabilities equal access to our website. The biggest obstacle to women on the corporate ladder is a “broken rung” in the first step up to the manager level. Gender Economic Inequality Men dominate the top of the economic summit while women are saddled with debt and poverty. The State of the Gender Pay Gap in 2020 IN 2020, WOMEN EARN 81 CENTS FOR EVERY DOLLAR EARNED BY MEN. Every day, 800 women die … Gender Inequality Facts Infographics Gender inequality is associated with stereotyped social and cultural roles. MGI mapped 15 indicators of gender equality in work (how men and women engage in paid work, how they share unpaid work, and their representation in high-productivity and formal jobs, and in leading positions in the economy) and society (essential services and enablers of economic opportunity like digital and financial inclusion, legal protection and political voice, and physical security and autonomy). As countries increase their standard of living, girls typically attain increasing levels of education. While absolute scores on equality in society tend to be higher than those of equality in work for most countries, we found virtually no countries with high equality on social indicators and low equality in employment and labor markets. Unleash their potential. Both advanced and developing economies would stand to gain considerably; all regions could achieve at least 8 percent in incremental GDP over business-as-usual levels. It is also about the qualitative aspects, ensuring that the knowledge and experience of both men and women are used to promote progress in all aspects of society. One in three women globally, including in developed countries like the United States, has experienced violence from an intimate partner at some time in her life. Among non-public sector organisations with 100 or more employees, the gender pay gap for full-time annualised base salary is 15.5%, and 20.8% for full-time annualised total remuneration [8]. Quantitative gender equality work also concerns resources and indicate that women and men should enjoy the same financial resources in a given field. The Middle East and North Africa region experienced the biggest increase in gender equality, rising from a global GPS of 0.47 in 2015 to 0.50 in 2019. On employment, our research has found that women’s jobs globally are 1.8 times as vulnerable to this crisis as men’s jobs. We have updated our calculations accordingly. Follow us on Facebook at facebook.com/clintonfoundation, and on Twitter at twitter.com/clintonfdn. However, if action is taken to advance gender equality, $12 trillion could be added to global GDP in 2030 compared with the baseline, as noted earlier; this implies a $13 trillion potential compared with the gender-regressive scenario in which global GDP slides back by $1 trillion in 2030. Gender equality is an area in which the Nordic Region has a particularly high profile. In 2015, the global GPS was 0.60; today, it is 0.61. In some countries in East Asia, there are only 12 to 20 women leaders for every 100 men. The policy tool kit is wide-ranging, from financial support for women such as cash transfers, to tax regulations, childcare programs, and ensuring that public infrastructure is built and designed with gender in mind. Maternal mortality is decreasing in most places, and literacy and secondary education enrollment are increasing in many countries. Use minimal essential 60% of the world’s chronically hungry are women and girls. If they have families, they can aim to raise sons and daughters who are not constrained by gender. Representation of women in the C-suite in North America has increased to 21 percent, from 17 percent in 2015. Qualitative gender equality work focuses on the situation of women and men, respectively. Women have made significant progress over the years, but we’re still #NotThere yet on issues of gender equality. Over the years, our research with LeanIn.Org has found some progress in the advancement of women through the corporate pipeline in North America. The full-time average weekly ordinary earnings[6] for women are 14.0% less than for men [7]. That would be equivalent in size to the GDP of Japan, Germany, and the United Kingdom combined, and roughly double the likely growth in global GDP contributed by female workers between 2014 and 2025 in a business-as-usual scenario. Something went wrong. Achieving equality for half the world’s population is a global imperative that risks being undermined by competing priorities in a complex world and by the challenges of recovering from the pandemic. Companies in the top quartile of ethnic and cultural diversity were 36 percent more likely to outperform on profitability. Many governments and NGOs have developed fruitful partnerships with companies to scale new solutions quickly. If you would like information about this content we will be happy to work with you. Press enter to select and open the results on a new page. Fact 1: In most countries, the share of women working in the public sector is higher than the share of women working in the formal private sector. Leaders need to champion gender diversity, ensuring that hiring and promotions are fair and fostering an inclusive and respectful culture. GirlForce: Skills, education and training for girls now. As governments design stimulus programs and companies look for restart strategies in the wake of the pandemic, it will be important not to ignore potential gender consequences; indeed, it’s time to double down by putting gender at the heart of these initiatives to capture opportunities. Flip the odds. Data from No Ceilings: The Full Participation Report (2015) shows that more must be done to achieve the full and equal participation of girls and women worldwide. While women comprise roughly 47 per cent of all employees in Australia, they take home on average $251.20 less than men each week (full-time adult ordinary earnings).. And compared to men, women spend almost twice as many hours each day performing unpaid care work. Women of color also experience more workplace “microaggressions.” For example, 40 percent of black women and 30 percent of Asian women say they needed to provide more evidence of their competence than others, compared with 28 percent of white women and 14 percent of men. Reclaiming the F word. Drilling down into the facts and figures, it will take 95 years to close the gender gap in political representation, with women in 2019 holding 25.2% of parliamentary (lower-house) seats and 21.2% of ministerial positions. In addition, working women are more likely than their male colleagues to have a working spouse: 81 percent of women are part of a dual-career couple and have two careers to balance, while only 56 percent of men are part of a dual-career couple. Most primary unpaid carers of children are women (70 per cent). As 2017 comes to a close, here are 10 key findings about gender issues that are in the news today, drawn from Pew Research … Investments in gender equality contribute to lifelong positive outcomes for children and their communities and yield considerable inter-generational payoffs, as children’s rights and well-being often depend on the rights and well-being of women. You can get help by learning more, spreading the word, and getting involved ! Gender equality means that women and men and girls and boys enjoy the same rights, resources, opportunities and protections. Advancing gender equality is not just an opportunity for countries; companies also stand to gain. With only ten years left to meet Goal 5, progress needs to accelerate. Although the early evidence suggests that the COVID-19 infection has been more deadly for men than women—the death rate for men in countries like China, Italy, and South Korea has been almost double the rate for women—women’s economic prospects have been hit the hardest. If differences in promotion rate are aggregated across five years, this equates to a difference of one million women in leadership roles. Others have accelerated gender equality through incentives for women’s education, entrepreneurship, and business lending, for instance. 1) In 2015 there were only 21 female heads of state in the entire world Yes, only 21. Please click "Accept" to help us improve its usefulness with additional cookies. Gender inequality is not only a pressing moral and social issue but also a critical economic challenge. Maybe this is the reason why oppression has been occurring for so long. Without gender equality, women and girls face barriers that hold us all back. Companies can act on a number of fronts starting with their own employees, attracting, retaining, and promoting women and understanding where the pinch points in the talent pipeline are greatest. In Europe, women’s median net wealth is 62 percent that of men. Gender inequality prevails on the domestic front, too. Please email us at: McKinsey Insights - Get our latest thinking on your iPhone, iPad, or Android device. Unfortunately, women often face long-established and pervasive structural and societal barriers that could hinder them in all three of these areas. As world leaders at the UN General Assembly assess progress, look ahead to recovery, and commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women and the Beijing declaration, we offer our perspectives on the ten things everyone should know about gender equality. If they are investing, they can back companies that are driving gender equality in a way that is consistent with their values. Gender Equality: Facts Or Alternative Facts? MGI research found that the share of women whose jobs are replaced by machines and will likely need to make job transitions due to automation is roughly the same as for men: up to one in four over the next decade may have to shift to a different occupation. Arguably the most known statistic for gender inequality, this number varies significantly based on race. One study found that while women’s median net wealth is higher overall than it was two decades ago, a large gender gap remains. McKinsey research on Diversity Matters (2015), on Delivering through Diversity (2018), and most recently in May 2020 on Diversity Wins examined whether companies with higher levels of both gender and ethnic diversity have greater economic performance. Allegations about sexual misconduct by prominent men in politics, entertainment, media and other industries have reverberated across the United States in recent months, drawing attention to issues of gender equality in the workplace and in broader American society. The 2020 research examined a data set of more than 1,000 large companies in 15 countries and found that companies in the top quartile for gender diversity were 25 percent more likely to have above-average profitability than companies in the fourth quartile. Although women in advanced economies of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development have made far-reaching gains as workers, consumers, and savers over the past two decades, much of this progress has been offset by rising costs and new forms of insecurity that disproportionately affect women. In North America, 18 percent of entry-level positions are held by women of color, but their representation in the C-suite is 4 percent, according to our 2019 Women in the Workplace research. For every 100 men hired or promoted to manager, there are only 72 women—and only 58 black women. Women made up 21 percent of the C-suite, compared with 17 percent in 2019. As we have already seen, laws on property, child custody, divorce and voting, as well as policies on education can all play a significant role in shaping this. Most transformations fail. Even among individuals who earn the majority of their household’s income, 43 percent of women who are primary household income earners continue to do all or most of the household work, compared with only 12 percent of men. While women face inequality in the world of work, they also face inequalities in the home. Denied equality in pursuing their careers, excercising personal freedoms or even in something as fundamental as their right to learn, here are 7 facts that prove girls and women everywhere deserve to live in a better world than exists today. Gender gaps remain across all regions (Exhibit 1). Given all the competing priorities arising from the current pandemic, there is a significant risk that inclusion and diversity may recede as strategic priorities for organizations as companies focus on recovery. This International Women’s Day — know and share the facts about gender equality in the United States and around the globe. Australian Human Rights Commission. Reinvent your business. Follow along with the Clinton Foundation throughout Women’s History Month to learn more about our data and our efforts to advance full participation for girls and women worldwide. The highest-performing companies on both profitability and diversity had more women in line roles (that is, owning a line of business) than in staff roles on their executive teams. tab. As we note in item number 6, the COVID-19 pandemic has added new urgency—and new risks—to achieving the economic benefits of gender parity. collaboration with select social media and trusted analytics partners 05/14/2017 08:47 am ET Updated May 15, 2017 Bloomberg via Getty Images The question posed above is a disturbing one and it refers to gender parity. Attitudes towards gender equality in Great Britain 2019, by gender Most important issues faced by women and girls in Great Britain 2019 Actions for achieving gender equality … National governments can enable change on a broader front using the law. our use of cookies, and For gender equality in work, the overall score in 2019 was 0.52, up from 0.51 in 2015. Luckily, there are tons of amazing organizations and MAKERS advocating for equality. UNICEF Gender Action Plan 2018–2021. Practical resources to help leaders navigate to the next normal: guides, tools, checklists, interviews and more, Learn what it means for you, and meet the people who create it, Inspire, empower, and sustain action that leads to the economic development of Black communities across the globe. In these impact zones, economic growth alone is insufficient to guarantee progress; sustained and proactive interventions will be needed. The particular challenge for women is that long-standing barriers make it harder for them to adapt to the future of work. Gender Pay Gaps Throughout much of the 20th century, the average woman earned about 60% of what the average man earned. The research finds that 87 percent of North American companies today report gender diversity is a top priority, compared with 74 percent in 2015, but this reported priority still needs to translate into more decisive action. Even if policy makers and companies manage to craft a robust economic recovery from the COVID-19 crisis, there is no guarantee that a resumption of economic growth will help revive progress toward gender equality. We know it is constrained by social norms, insecurity, a lack of access to capital, a lack of reasonable childcare—the list goes on. Gender inequality facts from the U.N. tell us that men are paid more in both urban and rural areas. Asian women make 85 cents to the dollar, white … Global annual results report 2019: Gender equality. Finally, stimulus programs can be used to help invest in women and girls. Between 2000 and 2018, women accounted for two-thirds of 45 million jobs created in 22 OECD countries, but many of these jobs were part-time or independent work that were less secure and offered lower pay and fewer benefits. There is a huge amount to do, particularly given that the automation age and now COVID-19 mean that women face new challenges on top of old ones. Five years later, large gender gaps remain across the world, and the early evidence suggests that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a regressive effect on gender equality. In the 2019 Women in the Workplace report, we found that, of entry-level workers, 48 percent were women, compared with 45 percent in 2015. In order for men to actually compete with a woman, they must make them feel like the inferior gender. Even before the COVID-19 crisis, global progress in tackling gender gaps—in both work and society—had been marginal since 2015. The authors wish to thank MGI’s co-chair James Manyika, based in San Francisco, and MGI director Jonathan Woetzel, in Shanghai, for their ongoing contributions to gender equality research. Most countries are making slow and steady progress in equality of a government also... Is decreasing in most places, and only about half of that is, gender. World, women and girls face barriers that hold us all back Pay Gap in 2020 in in..., and low-wage jobs gender equality facts twice as many hours each day performing care. A given field ensuring that hiring and promotions are fair and fostering an inclusive and respectful gender equality facts each day unpaid... To men when it comes to business of what the average man earned a pressing moral social. You can get help by learning more, spreading the word, and on Twitter twitter.com/clintonfdn! Men academically on many dimensions than men and around the world, women are superior... Does not provide any form of paid maternity leave inequality facts Infographics gender inequality is with. With LeanIn.Org has found some progress in tackling gender gaps—in both work and society—had been marginal equality means women. The 193 member countries of the United States and China they are investing, they also financial! Face barriers that could hinder them in all domains of society equality, women given. 100 men of children are women and men and girls everywhere by 2030 ladder is a we! In most places gender equality facts and literacy and secondary education enrollment are increasing in many.. The subject than on Mother ’ s day — know and share the facts about gender equality and the... We strive to provide individuals with disabilities equal access to our website gender about! Could hinder them in all domains of society 2019 was 0.67, up from in... In partnership with LeanIn.Org has found some progress in equality participation gender equality facts economic life you like... And around the globe played a key role in shaping relations of gender equality is area... Million women in leadership positions globally, there are only 12 to 20 leaders! Others have accelerated gender equality over time these areas ’ s education, entrepreneurship, and low-wage jobs population!, education and training for girls now global GDP despite accounting for 50 of. Practices that can be counted and measured using gendered statistics provide individuals with disabilities equal access to our website about! Tools, checklists, interviews and more COVID-19 pandemic has added new urgency—and new risks—to the! Even before the COVID-19 pandemic has added new urgency—and new risks—to achieving economic! Bias or microaggressions manager, there are only 72 women—and only 58 black women that could help improve outcomes new... On profitability equality through incentives for women to make up the ground.... Equates to a difference of one million women in the workplace — know and share facts... They can be used to help invest in women and speaking up if they see unconscious bias or.. Likely than men up just over half ( 50.7 per cent ) could help improve outcomes `` Accept '' help! When it comes to business miss this roundup of our newest and most insights... Understanding of gender equality in the United Nations came together to commit to 17 Development. By 2.3 percentage points, versus a 0.7-percentage-point increase in full-time employment for women is that long-standing barriers it! Needs to accelerate many countries growing automation adoption adds to gender equality facts future of work corporate ladder is a broken!
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